The Herpetofauna of Iran: Checklist of Taxonomy, Distribution and Conservation Status
Barbod SAFAEI-MAHROO, Hanyeh GHAFFARI, Hadi FAHIMI, Siamak BROOMAND, Mahtab YAZDANIAN, Elnaz NAJAFI MAJD, Seyyed Saeed HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI4, Elham REZAZADEH, Mahboubeh Sadat HOSSEINZADEH, Reza NASRABADI, Mehdi RAJABIZADEH, Meysam MASHAYEKHI, Alireza MOTESHAREI, Alireza NADERI and Seyed Mahdi KAZEMI
Asian Herpetological Research 2015, 6(4): 257–290
We present an annotated checklist for a total 241 reptiles and 22 amphibians including 5 frogs, 9 toads, 7 newts and salamanders, 1 crocodile, 1 worm lizard, 148 lizards, 79 snakes and 12 turtles and tortoises, includes the most scientific literature up to August 2014 and also based on several field surveys conducted in different Provinces of Iran from 2009 to 2014. We present an up-to-dated checklist of reptiles and amphibians in Iran. We provide a comprehensive listing of taxonomy, names, distribution and conservation status of all amphibians and reptiles of Iran. This checklist includes all recognized named taxa, English names for classes, orders, families, species, subspecies along with Persian names for species, including indication of native and introduced species. For the first time we report two non-native introduced reptiles from natural habitats of Iran. Of the total 22 species of amphibians in Iran, 6 (27.2%) are endemic and of the total 241 species of reptiles, 55 (22.8%) are endemic. Of the 22 amphibians species in Iran, 3 (13%) are Critically Endangered, 2 (9%) are Vulnerable and of the 241 reptile species 3 (1.2%) are Critically Endangered, 4 (1.6%) are Endangered and 10 (4.1%) are Vulnerable. Accordingly, this paper combines significant aspects of taxonomy, common names, conservation status and distribution of the Iranian herpetofauna.